Author Topic: Cyber Warfare  (Read 1239 times)

inselemel

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Cyber Warfare
« on: January 16, 2012, 11:30:14 AM »
Hi, i think this is a relevant topic (if that's ok???). I know it's been going on for donkeys but it 'appears' to have stepped up a gear just seen this one:

"3-Israel rattled as hackers hit bourse, banks, El Al"
"* Deputy foreign minister sees bid to "silence" Israel
* Attacks deepen jitters after credit card data theft (Recasts with Israeli ministers, banks, Hamas praise)
By Maayan Lubell

JERUSALEM, Jan 16 (Reuters) - Hackers disrupted online access to the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, El Al Airlines and three banks on Monday in what the government described as a cyber-offensive against Israel.
The attacks came just days after an unidentified hacker, proclaiming Palestinian sympathies, posted the details of thousands of Israeli credit card holders and other personal information on the Internet in a mass theft.
Stock trading and El Al flights operated normally despite the disruption, which occurred as Israeli media reported that pro-Palestinian hackers had threatened at the weekend to shut down the TASE stock exchange and airline Web sites.
While apparently confined to areas causing only limited inconvenience, the attacks have caused particular alarm in a country that depends on high-tech systems for much of its defence against hostile neighbours. Officials insist, however, that they pose no immediate security threat.
"They have demanded an apology for Israel's defensive measures," Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon said on his Facebook page, alluding to the conflict with Palestinians.
"I am using this platform to send a clear message that ... they will not silence us on the Internet, or in any forum."
The First International Bank of Israel (FIBI) and two subsidiary banks, Massad and Otzar Hahayal, said their marketing sites had been hacked but that sites providing online services to clients were unaffected.
Israel's third-largest bank, Discount, said it had been spared attack, but that it was temporarily shutting down foreign access to its website as a precaution.
The Tel Aviv bourse website could only be accessed intermittently, but screen-based trading was not hit.
"There has been an attack by hackers on the access routes to the website," said Orna Goren, deputy manager of the exchange's marketing and communications unit. "The stock exchange's trading activities are operating normally."
El Al said it had taken precautions to protect the company site and warned of possible disruptions to its online activity.
"CYBER WAR"
There was no claim of responsibility for Monday's incidents.
However, the Islamist group Hamas, which governs the small Palestinian territory of Gaza, welcomed the attacks as a blow against the Jewish state, which it refuses to recognise.
"This is a new field of resistance against the Occupation and we urge Arab youth to develop their methods in electronic warfare in the face of (Israel's) crimes," Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri said in Gaza.
Israeli Information Minister Yuli Edelstein told a conference in Tel Aviv that the cyber attacks were part of a wider move to smear the country's reputation and "threaten Israel's economic stability and security".
"It's another episode in the war our enemies are conducting as a campaign of delegitimisation to hit our pockets and lifestyle," he said, in reported comments confirmed by his spokesman.
"Israel must use all measures at its disposal to prevent these virtual dangers from turning into real threats and to prevent with all its force attacks against it and its institutions. Today it's credit card theft and toppling Web sites, and tomorrow it could be theft of security information and harm to infrastructure."
Israel opened an agency to tackle cyber attacks earlier this month. A founding member of the unit, Isaac Ben-Israel, said the country's most vital systems were already protected, but that incidents like the ones seen recently would only increase.
"As long as the systems are not guarded, any hacker anywhere in the world can break into them and do damage," Ben-Israel said on Israel Radio. "I believe that, done right, in a year or two, we will be able to wipe out all these hackers' threats."    (Additional reporting by Allyn Fisher-Ilan and Steven Scheer in Jerusalem, Tova Cohen in Tel Aviv and Nidal al-Mughrabi in Gaza; Editing by Crispian Balmer and Alastair Macdonald)"

inselemel

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Re: Cyber Warfare
« Reply #1 on: January 31, 2012, 01:46:55 PM »
Just seen a new poll on Countries Cyber defence.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-16787509
"Israel, Finland and Sweden are seen as leading the way in "cyber-readiness", according to a major new security report.
The McAfee-backed cyberdefence survey deemed China, Brazil and Mexico as being among the least able to defend themselves against emerging attacks.
The rank is based on leading experts' perception of a nation's defences.
The report concluded that greater sharing of information globally is necessary to keep ahead of threats.
It also suggests giving more power to law enforcement to fight cross-border crime.
The UK, with a grading of four out of five, ranks favourably in the survey - along with the USA, Germany, Spain and France.
'Subjective view'
The study was carried out by the Security and Defence Agenda think tank and its rankings are based on the perceived quality of a country's cyber-readiness - the ability to cope with a range of threats and attacks.
"The subjectiveness of the report is its biggest strength," explained Raj Samani, McAfee's chief technology officer.
"What it does is give the perception of cyber-readiness by those individuals who kind of understand and work in cyber security on a day-in, day-out basis."
Countries ranked for cyber-readiness
Country    Rating
SOURCE: MCAFEE
(None)

Finland, Israel, Sweden

Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, UK, USA

Australia, Austria, Canada, Japan

China, Italy, Poland, Russia

Brazil, India, Romania

Mexico

(None)

A good score depends on having basic measures like adequate firewalls and antivirus protection, and more complex matters including well-informed governance and education.

Sweden, Finland and Israel all impressed the report's experts - despite the fact that the latter receives reportedly over 1,000 cyber attacks every minute.

Isaac Ben-Israel, senior security advisor to Israel's prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is quoted in the report as saying: "The hacktivist group Anonymous carries out lots of attacks but they don't cause much damage. The real threat is from states and major crime organisations."

He added that the country has set up a cyber-taskforce responsible for assessing threats to key infrastructure such power production and water supplies.

'Enhancing co-operation'
At the other end of the security scale, Mexico ranked as least prepared to cope with the cyber threat - a situation which is blamed on the country's authorities needing to overwhelmingly focus on the country's gang and drugs problems.

China is regarded by some Western observers as an aggressor in cyberspace.
But one expert Peiran Wang said the country was itself vulnerable because it lacked a joined up strategy.
Mexico's drug problems means available resource is put into real world policing - and not on cybercrime
"The Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Industry, the Ministry of State Security and even the military are involved and they don't communicate well," said Peiran Wang, a visiting scholar at Brussels' Free University.
In the UK, the report praised a £650m investment programme in cyber security.
However, the Home Office's plans were criticised by information security expert Peter Sommer.
"A great deal depends on co-operation from the private sector, which controls about 80% of the critical national infrastructure.
"Over half of the new funding will go to the 'secret vote', the intelligence agencies, where value for money will be difficult to investigate. I would have preferred more emphasis on public education - helping potential victims help themselves."

Cybercrime fighters
Among the report's conclusions is the recommendation that greater efforts be made to improve cross-border law enforcement.
"Cybercriminals route their connection through multiple different countries," said Mr Samani.
"If criminals are particularly clever, they go through countries where they know there isn't any co-operation."
In the UK, millions has been pledged by foreign secretary William Hague to fight cyber issues
"The bad guys share information - we need to do the same as well."
Dr Joss Wright from the Oxford Internet Institute welcomed the report's findings. However, he had serious doubts over the feasibility of its suggestions.
"They're recommendations that people have been saying for maybe 10 years," he told the BBC.
"I would love to see good information sharing - but when you're talking about national security, there's a culture of not sharing.
"They're not suddenly going to change 70, 100, 1000 years of military thinking."
« Last Edit: January 31, 2012, 01:48:28 PM by inselemel »