Author Topic: British Commonwealths - survival situations  (Read 1278 times)

Yowbarb

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Yowbarb

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #1 on: October 11, 2016, 05:26:52 PM »
Yowbarb Note: A few excerpts, not in exact order, about Bermuda:

Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermuda

Bermuda /bɜːrˈmjuːdə/ is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, off the east shore of North America about 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina,

The capital city is Hamilton.

The first known European explorer to reach Bermuda was Spanish sea captain Juan de Bermúdez in 1503, after whom the islands are named. He claimed the apparently uninhabited islands for the Spanish Empire. Bermúdez never landed on the islands, but made two visits to the archipelago, of which he created a recognisable map. Shipwrecked Portuguese mariners are now thought to have been responsible for the 1543 inscription on Portuguese Rock (previously called Spanish Rock).[6] Subsequent Spanish or other European parties are believed to have released pigs there, which had become feral and abundant on the island by the time European settlement began. In 1609, the English Virginia Company, which had established Jamestown in Virginia (a term originally applied to all of the North American continent) two years earlier, permanently settled Bermuda in the aftermath of a hurricane, when the crew and passengers of the Sea Venture steered the ship onto the surrounding reef to prevent its sinking, then landed ashore.
The island was administered as an extension of Virginia by the Company until 1614. Its spin-off, the Somers Isles Company, took over in 1615 and managed the colony until 1684. At that time, the company's charter was revoked, and the English Crown took over administration. The islands became a British colony following the 1707 unification of the parliaments of Scotland and England, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

After 1949, when Newfoundland became part of Canada, Bermuda was automatically ranked as the oldest remaining British Overseas Territory. Since the transfer of Hong Kong to China in 1997, it is the most populous Territory. Its first capital, St. George's, was established in 1612 and is the oldest continuously inhabited English town in the New World.

Government   parliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy
 •    Monarch   Elizabeth II
 •    Governor   George Fergusson
 •    Premier   Michael Dunkley
 •    Responsible Ministerb (UK)   Baroness Anelay

It has a subtropical climate. Bermuda is the northernmost point of the Bermuda Triangle, a region of sea in which, according to legend, a number of aircraft and surface vessels have disappeared under supposedly unexplained or mysterious circumstances. The island is in the hurricane belt and prone to severe weather. However, it is somewhat protected from the full force of a hurricane by the coral reef that surrounds the island.
.................................................................

Yowbarb

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #2 on: October 11, 2016, 05:43:13 PM »
Hurricane NICOLE approaching Bermuda...
NHC:  "PREPARATIONS IN BERMUDA SHOULD BE RUSHED TO COMPLETION."

Bermuda is in the path of  Hurricane NICOLE Satellite:  North Atlantic Satellite Loop 2345 UTC, 745 PM EDT
 
http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/goes/east/natl/flash-vis.html%20%2032%C2%B018%E2%80%B2N%2064%C2%B047%E2%80%B2W
...

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

Hurricane NICOLE Public Advisory

000
WTNT35 KNHC 112337
TCPAT5

BULLETIN
HURRICANE NICOLE INTERMEDIATE ADVISORY NUMBER  31A
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL152016
800 PM AST TUE OCT 11 2016

...NICOLE STRENGTHENS A LITTLE MORE...
...PREPARATIONS IN BERMUDA SHOULD BE RUSHED TO COMPLETION...

SUMMARY OF 800 PM AST...0000 UTC...INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------
LOCATION...27.3N 66.5W
ABOUT 360 MI...580 KM SSW OF BERMUDA
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...85 MPH...140 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...STATIONARY
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...974 MB...28.76 INCHES


WATCHES AND WARNINGS
--------------------
CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY:

None.

SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT:


A Hurricane Warning is in effect for...
* Bermuda


A Hurricane Warning means that hurricane conditions are expected
somewhere within the warning area.  A warning is typically issued
36 hours before the anticipated first occurrence of tropical-storm-
force winds, conditions that make outside preparations difficult or
dangerous.  Preparations to protect life and property should be
rushed to completion.

For storm information specific to your area, please monitor products
issued by your national meteorological service.

DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
------------------------------
At 800 PM AST
(0000 UTC), the center of Hurricane Nicole was located
near latitude 27.3 North, longitude 66.5 West. Nicole has moved
little during the past few hours, but a slow northwest to north-
northwest motion is expected tonight. A turn toward the north and an
increase in forward speed are expected Wednesday morning, followed
by a northeast turn late Wednesday. On the forecast track, the
center of Nicole is expected to approach Bermuda Wednesday night and
pass near Bermuda on Thursday.

Maximum sustained winds have increased to near 85 mph (140 km/h)
with higher gusts. Additional strengthening is forecast during the
next day or so, and Nicole is forecast to be near major hurricane
strength by late Wednesday.

Hurricane-force winds extend outward up to 30 miles (45 km) from
the center and tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 115
miles (185 km).

The estimated minimum central pressure is 974 mb (28.76 inches).

HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
----------------------
STORM SURGE:  A dangerous storm surge is expected to produce coastal
flooding in Bermuda.  Near the coast, the surge will be accompanied
by large and destructive waves.

WIND:  Hurricane conditions are expected to begin on Bermuda by
Wednesday night, with tropical storm conditions expected to begin
Wednesday afternoon.

RAINFALL:  Nicole is expected to produce total rain accumulations
of 3 to 5 inches over Bermuda through Thursday.

SURF:  Swells associated with Nicole will affect Bermuda during the
next few days.  These swells will create dangerous surf conditions
and rip currents.  Please refer to products being issued by the
Bermuda Weather Service.

NEXT ADVISORY
-------------
Next complete advisory at 1100 PM AST.

$$
Forecaster Brennan




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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #3 on: October 12, 2016, 12:03:06 AM »
Bermuda within the forecast path of Cat 1 Hurricane NICOLE, 2 AM EDT Oct 12, 2016
...
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ NHC

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/storm_graphics/AT15/refresh/AL1516W5_NL+gif/053653W5_NL_sm.gif 

Coastal Watches/Warnings and 5-Day Forecast Cone for Storm Center


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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #4 on: October 12, 2016, 12:23:30 AM »
Hurricane Nicole, video by BBC Weather's Matt Taylor 11th October 2016 15:53

http://www.bbc.com/weather/features/37626240

Bermuda is likely to be affected by strong winds, heavy rain and flooding as Hurricane Nicole approaches over the next few days

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #5 on: October 12, 2016, 08:37:57 PM »
Yowbarb Note: Update from the NHC NICOLE is now a Cat 4 Hurricane.
...
NHC: EXTREMELY DANGEROUS CATEGORY FOUR NICOLE HEADING FOR BERMUDA...
...
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-storm-nicole-nhc-idUSKCN12C1VG

Nicole may strengthen to near major hurricane near Bermuda: NHC

Nicole may intensify to near major hurricane strength when it approaches Bermuda, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said on Wednesday.

The core of Nicole, located about 295 miles (480 kilometers) south-southwest of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph (155 km/h), is expected to pass near or over the island on Thursday, the NHC said.

Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale are considered major ones given their potential to cause significant damage, according to the NHC.

Nicole is expected to produce total rain accumulations of 4 to 8 inches over Bermuda through Thursday, the Miami-based weather forecaster said, adding that a hurricane watch is in effect for Bermuda.

(Reporting by Vijaykumar Vedala in Bengaluru; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama)

Yowbarb

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #6 on: October 12, 2016, 09:25:24 PM »
http://www.royalgazette.com/  The Royal Gazette

Thursday October 13, 2016

Nicole live: ‘dangerous’ storm now Category 4

News Staff

Related stories;
Nicole: what you need to know
Island braced for direct hit
No Royal Gazette on Thursday
Nicole brings widespread disruption
Nasa supplies delayed by Nicole

Midnight update: defying earlier expectations, Hurricane Nicole has intensified significantly, ramping into a major Category 4 storm.

According to the National Hurricane Centre, the storm should weaken as it draws near Bermuda, but the latest update belies previous forecasts.

Nicole now has sustained winds of 130mph. The eye of the hurricane is sharply defined and some 35 miles wide, and is expected to pass over the island.

The latest ranking put Nicole in the “extremely dangerous” category, according to the NHC. Its increased strength was spotted by Hurricane Hunters aircraft earlier in the night.

Nicole is predicted to be a Category 3 storm by the time it reaches the island, but residents are advised to keep close watch over what will very likely be a major hurricane.

Hurricane Fabian passed the island in 2003 as a Category 3 storm, with winds of 120mph.

As the island readies itself, the Royal Bermuda Regiment has mustered a contingent of 140 troops to swing into action in Nicole’s aftermath: there are four immediate response teams stationed at Warwick Camp, with another based on the St George’s side of the Causeway to cover the East End.

The Causeway closed at 11.06pm.

The East End soldiers are also bolstered with a team from the RBR’s Boat Troop, which will evacuate casualties to Grotto Bay for ambulance pick-up if the Causeway is impassable.

Earlier tonight, Michael Dunkley, the Premier, said that while the Bermuda Weather Service had been confident of the storm’s path from the beginning, they were “a bit uncertain as to its strength — right now it’s on the upper border”.

“Hurricanes are fickle in nature. We should prepare for the potential that it may vary from estimates. I would like to assure the people of Bermuda that we have done everything necessary to prepare us, and I would urge calm. For now, we should hunker down and get rest. I wouldn’t want people worrying about what it could be. This is when we come together as a people and look after each other.”

Mr Dunkley earlier visited the emergency shelter at CedarBridge Academy, and will call on the Lamb Foggo Urgent Care Centre later before visiting the King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, to thank all staff.

“While some of us might be with family or friends, all these workers are not at home,” he said. “They are out there taking care of our needs.”

In the storm’s wake, soldiers at Warwick Camp will be deployed after detailed reconnaissance and risk assessments, according to Regiment Commanding Officer Lieutenant-Colonel David Curley.

“They will be tasked to go west and east of Warwick Camp to initially start clearing roads.

“This is one of our main tasks — it’s something we do really well and we’re fully certified and well rehearsed to deal with the aftermath of a hurricane.”

Hurricane winds should commence tomorrow at about dawn and persist until evening, according to the BWS. If the storm strikes at a Category 3 intensity, damage to buildings and downing of trees is a strong possibility.

Mr Dunkley said he appreciated residents might be “anxious about what’s ahead — it’s a little slower and bigger than expected”.

“People should get all the rest they can. When they wake up, the storm will be on their doorsteps.”

Hamilton was busy all day, with hardware stores doing a brisk trade.

Shutters were bolted and plywood secured over windows as preparations neared the final stretch.

The BWS gave a frank warning for residents to expect “strong winds, heavy rain, thunderstorms, possible tornadoes, and dangerous surf and rip currents, with storm surge building six to eight feet on top of very high seas”.

Former firefighter Shawn Grant had these words of advice: “If it gets particularly rough, go to the bathroom. The bathroom is the strongest part of the house.”

Earlier today Mr Grant, now a floor manager at Master’s, noted a rapid sale of generators, with a steady stream of customers buying essential storm items.

Tropical storm-force winds will commence later tonight, which concurred with the predictions of St David’s resident Chris Flook, speaking with this newspaper.

Noting that tides would be high just before 7am as Nicole draws near, Mr Flook said: ““It is just a slow-moving, long storm. That is the frustrating thing because you want to go out and fix stuff — but you have got to wait it out.”

He planned to be awake at 4am, “more than likely nail-biting, hearing the rattling and waiting for it to come.”

As of 6pm, a West End resident reported that “a lot more houses have been boarded up” since this morning.

While shops were busy, the roads had noticeably emptied.

“Some appear to be going about their daily business, walking and jogging along South Shore. Others were out watching the surf from the vantage points along the road.”

At Devonshire Bay Park, onlookers were being treated to impressive surf as the South Shore began to bear the brunt of powerful swells pushed far ahead of Nicole, which has been boosted by the unusually warm seas.

With Nicole coming less than three weeks after Tropical Storm Karl threatened the island, residents knew the drill and prepared swiftly.

Schools closed early today, with more than a few parents choosing to keep their children at home, as St George’s Preparatory School principal Mary Lodge observed.

In the East End, seas were building at the Fort St Catherine beach early in the day, St George’s MP Kenneth Bascome told The Royal Gazette.

“Town is pretty well boarded up,” he said. “Everybody has their shutters up but they are still operating.”

Mr Dunkley commended the island’s preparation efforts, thanking national security minister Jeffrey Baron, Commissioner of Police Michael DeSilva, and the Emergency Measures Organisation, for a “tremendous job getting the message out the last couple of days”.

Outlining clean-up procedures planned for tomorrow, Colonel Curley said the regiment would aim to “unblock roads to ensure that emergency service vehicles can move freely”.

He added: “If we didn’t go out there right away when it is deemed safe, it would take a lot longer to clear these roads and there might be severe casualties that need immediate treatment at the hospital.

“Our other main task is to support the Bermuda Police Service with reassurance patrols, and our Operational Support Unit is tasked for this role.

“It’s a Category 2 storm — a strong Category 2, and it’s slow-moving. We won’t know what we’ll find when we deploy out of the gates of Warwick Camp, but we are trained in all aspects of this kind of work and very experienced. We did very well with Fay and Gonzalo two years ago.”

He added that soldiers based in the East End will also check the airport runway to ensure that it is clear of potentially dangerous debris, to allow flights in and out to resume as soon as possible.

“We are Bermuda’s insurance policy and we intend to live up to our promise to protect and serve our community,” Colonel Curley said in closing.



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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #7 on: October 13, 2016, 10:20:35 PM »
Update from The Royal Gazette, Bermuda from a few hours ago:
...

http://www.royalgazette.com/storm/article/20161013/nicole-what-you-need-to-know

News Staff

Published Oct 13, 2016 at 12:01 am (Updated Oct 13, 2016 at 5:47 pm)

Hurricane Nicole is moving away from Bermuda

5pm: 114 nautical miles away

Local winds at 2.55pm:: 37mph

Max sustained winds: 110mph

Movement: North-northeast at 21mph

Hurricane Nicole is now moving away from Bermuda, after bringing fierce winds, heavy rain, possible tornadoes and dangerous surf and rip currents throughout the day.

Tropical storm conditions are forecast to continue over Bermuda through this evening.

Storm surge was expected to peak at about six to eight feet on top of very high seas, bringing large and destructive waves, with between five and eight inches of rain also forecast over Bermuda.

Winds died down around the island as the eye passed over from about 11am, but started to return at about 12.30pm and have remained very strong throughout the afternoon. Earlier, at Commissioner’s Point, gusts of 122mph were recorded.

For further information and updates, follow The Royal Gazette on Facebook, Twitter and Cover-it-Live. http://www.royalgazette.com/live

Winds in Bermuda hit tropical storm level at 2am and intensified to hurricane level during the morning. The Bermuda Weather Service has estimated the island will be battered by nine hours of hurricane conditions, along with a full 24 hours of tropical storm winds.

In addition, the service estimated the island could feel 6ft to 8ft of storm surge, with seas between 25ft and 35ft.

Hurricane-force winds extend outward up to 70 miles from the centre of Nicole and tropical storm-force winds extend outward up to 185 miles.

The National Hurricane Centre said in a statement at 9.35am: “Surface observations indicate that sustained hurricane-force winds are now occurring on Bermuda. A sustained wind of 79mph and a gust to 105mph were recently reported at Pearl Island. The Bermuda Weather Service reports that an elevated station at Commissioner’s Point recently reported a sustained wind of 92mph and a gust to 122mph.”

In another statement at noon, the Centre said: “Do not venture out in the eye. Although winds in eye are light, hurricane conditions will return soon after the eye passes and will continue through early afternoon. Tropical storm conditions will continue through this evening.

“Swells associated with Nicole will affect Bermuda during the next few days, and will spread northward along the United States east coast from the Carolinas northward through the next few days.

“These swells will create dangerous surf conditions and rip currents. Please refer to products being issued by your local weather office for more information.”

During the storm, members of the public are warned to stay indoors and to resist the temptation to venture outside. People should remain indoors until emergency services indicate it is safe to move around the island again to give emergency personnel time to clear the roads.

The Emergency Broadcast Station, 100.1FM, is providing updates on the storm every half-hour.

     

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #8 on: October 13, 2016, 10:35:06 PM »
Published By - The Seattle Times - 2016.10.14. 06:04

http://world.fr24.bplaced.com/latest/bermuda-seeks-quick-recovery-from-hurricane-nicoles-damages

Bermuda seeks quick recovery from Hurricane Nicole’s damages

HAMILTON, Bermuda (AP) — Bermuda’s government dispatched crews to clear roads and engineers to inspect infrastructure as the British territory moved to recovery quickly from Hurricane Nicole, which battered the island as a Category 3 storm. The heavy rains and wind dissipated overnight Thursday as many of the island’s 65,000 residents ventured outside to assess the damage caused by 115 mph winds.

Authorities, however, urged people to remain indoors for their safety.
“There has been significant flooding in areas around the island and some severe road damages,” said National Security Minister Jeff Baron. “Obviously, we are also concerned about downed trees and downed power lines, which are live.”

Schools and government offices remained closed on Friday, while the island’s international airport is expected to open around noon.

Hurricane Nicole snapped trees, peeled off roofs and flooded homes as it roared across the island on Thursday. The storm also damaged boats that broke away from their moorings and knocked out power to more than 27,000 customers who live on the island, which has sturdy infrastructure and is accustomed to heavy weather.

Forecasters were still trying to determine if heavy winds or tornadoes created by the hurricane were to blame for some of the damage, said James Dodgson, deputy director at the Bermuda Weather Service.

At one point during the hurricane, the wind grew strong enough to fling open a hatch on the weather service’s radar, rendering it useless until the hatch could be shut, officials said.

Nicole has strengthened to a Category 4 storm late Wednesday as it approached Bermuda but lost steam overnight.

Although severe storms often affect Bermuda, “a hurricane this strong is rare,” the National Hurricane Center said.

The hurricane then weakened to a Category 2 storm as it churned toward the middle of the Atlantic Ocean after pummeling Bermuda. By Thursday night, it was about 255 miles (410 kilometers) northeast of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph (155 kph). The system was moving east-northeast at 21 mph (33 kph).

Associated Press Writer Danica Coto in San Juan, Puerto Rico, contributed to this report.

JOSH BALL

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Re: British Commonwealths - survival situations
« Reply #9 on: October 13, 2016, 10:53:01 PM »
Posted 4 hours ago

http://uncova.com/hurricane-powerful-hurricane-nicole-wreaks-havoc-on-bermuda

Hurricane: Powerful Hurricane Nicole wreaks havoc on Bermuda

Hurricane Nicole plowed directly into Bermuda on Thursday, causing widespread damage and knocking out power to most homes and businesses while apparently sparing the tiny Atlantic island chain any severe injuries or fatalities, government officials said.

Nicole, the strongest hurricane to sweep the subtropical British territory in more than a decade, made landfall before noon, packing sustained winds of up 120 miles per hour (195 kph) and ranked as a fierce Category 3 storm on the five-level Saffir-Simpson scale, according to the U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami.