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Author Topic: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic  (Read 16704 times)

Yowbarb

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Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« on: February 23, 2020, 09:46:39 PM »
Hi All this new Topic will be about the coronavirus itself, what it is, how it is spreading, and the latest stats on it. I will post articles and maps.

R.R. Book's Topic is about how to avoid catching it...self-care

Link to R.R.'s Topic: https://planetxtownhall.com/index.php/topic,7479.0.html   
...
Update on coronavirus 25 min ago:
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/24/world/asia/china-coronavirus.html

Coronavirus is close to becoming a pandemic, WHO warns   World Health Organization
Washington Post (have to have a subscription to read)
...

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #1 on: February 23, 2020, 10:02:40 PM »
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/24/world/asia/china-coronavirus.html

LIVE UPDATES

Updated 38 minutes ago
Feb. 24, 2020, 12:22 a.m. ET
 
Coronavirus Live Updates: Global Outbreak Raises Fears of Pandemic
Countries on multiple continents gird for explosions in new cases, after dangerous outbreaks in South Korea, Italy and Iran.


RIGHT NOW South Korea on Monday reported 161 more cases, bringing the total to 763.

Here’s what you need to know:
In South Korea, death toll rises as new cases skyrocket to more than 760.
Markets plunge in response to outbreak’s spread.
Europe confronts coronavirus as Italy scrambles to contain spike in cases.
Pakistan and Turkey close their borders with Iran as cases there rise.
In South Korea, death toll rises as new cases skyrocket to more than 760.

South Korea on Monday reported 161 more cases of the virus that causes the disease Covid-19, bringing the nation’s total to 763 cases and seven deaths.

“The coming few days will be a critical time for us,” he said at an emergency meeting of government officials to discuss the outbreak. “The central government, local governments, health officials and medical personnel and the entire people must wage an all-out, concerted response to the problem.”

Many of South Korea’s coronavirus cases are in the southeastern city of Daegu, which has essentially been placed under a state of emergency, though people are still free to enter and leave the city.President Moon Jae-in on Sunday put South Korea on the highest possible alert in its fight against the coronavirus, a move that empowers the government to lock down cities and take other sweeping measures to contain the outbreak.

More than half of the people confirmed to have been infected are either members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus, a secretive religious sect with a strong presence in Daegu, or their relatives or other contacts. 
Continued in next post...

‘A WATERSHED MOMENT’Why South Korea raised its alert level to the highest in a decade.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/23/world/asia/south-korea-coronavirus-moon.html?action=click&module=RelatedLinks&pgtype=Article



Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #2 on: February 23, 2020, 10:03:25 PM »
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/24/world/asia/china-coronavirus.html

Markets plunge in response to outbreak’s spread.

...
The Coronavirus Outbreak
What do you need to know? Start here.

Updated Feb. 10, 2020

What is a Coronavirus?
It is a novel virus named for the crown-like spikes that protrude from its surface. The coronavirus can infect both animals and people, and can cause a range of respiratory illnesses from the common cold to more dangerous conditions like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS.
How contagious is the virus?
According to preliminary research, it seems moderately infectious, similar to SARS, and is possibly transmitted through the air. Scientists have estimated that each infected person could spread it to somewhere between 1.5 and 3.5 people without effective containment measures.
Where has the virus spread?
The virus originated in Wuhan, China, and has sickened tens of thousands of people in China and at least two dozen other countries.
How worried should I be?
While the virus is a serious public health concern, the risk to most people outside China remains very low, and seasonal flu is a more immediate threat.
Who is working to contain the virus?
World Health Organization officials have praised China’s aggressive response to the virus by closing transportation, schools and markets. This week, a team of experts from the W.H.O. arrived in Beijing to offer assistance.
What if I’m traveling?
The United States and Australia are temporarily denying entry to noncitizens who recently traveled to China and several airlines have canceled flights.
How do I keep myself and others safe?
Washing your hands frequently is the most important thing you can do, along with staying at home when you’re sick.

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #3 on: February 23, 2020, 10:31:31 PM »
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/24/world/asia/china-coronavirus.html

Europe confronts coronavirus as Italy scrambles to contain spike in cases.

As Italy scrambled on Sunday to contain the first major coronavirus outbreak in Europe, a new nervousness pervaded the continent, with officials in nearby countries pledging to keep the outbreak from spreading further.

The virus presents Europe with perhaps its greatest challenge since the 2015 migration crisis, which radically altered the politics of the European Union and exposed its institutional weaknesses. If the virus spreads, the fundamental principle of open borders within much of Europe — so central to the identity of the bloc — will undergo a stress test, as will the vaunted but strained European public health systems, especially in countries that have undergone austerity measures.

A European commissioner said the European Union was in constant contact with the authorities in Italy. And France’s health minister, Olivier Veran, said at a news conference on Sunday that the country was watching the “problematic situation” in Italy closely.

The spike in Italy has already prompted an aggressive response from Italian officials. The country locked down more than 50,000 people in 10 towns in the northern Lombardy region, where a sizable cluster of coronavirus infections has emerged, and passed emergency measures that apply throughout the country.

Residents on lockdown were supposed to leave or enter their towns only with special permission. Police and armed forces personnel were deployed to monitor the entrances to the towns. Officials closed schools and canceled the last two days of the Venice carnival, which draws thousands of people from around the world, and canceled trade fairs, opera performances and soccer matches.

The number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Italy rose to 152, officials said on Sunday, from three on Thursday. More than 100 of those cases are in the Lombardy region. At least three people have died, including a 77-year-old woman and a 78-year-old man, and at least 26 are in intensive care, officials said.

Pakistan and Turkey close their borders with Iran as cases there rise.

Pakistan and Turkey temporarily closed their borders with Iran on Sunday, as Tehran announced a weeklong closing of schools, universities and cultural centers across 14 provinces in an effort to curb the coronavirus.

The outbreak has killed at least eight people in Iran, state television said — the largest number of reported coronavirus-linked deaths outside China.

Long lines have formed outside pharmacies and there is a shortage of masks and disinfectants, according to health officials and people in Iran. Officials have warned that hospitals are overstretched and said that people should refrain from going to the emergency room unless they have acute symptoms.

Although the origin of the outbreak in Iran is unclear, the Fars news agency on Sunday quoted the country’s health minister as saying that Chinese carriers of the virus were a source of the outbreak in Iran.

Just days ago, Iran said it was untouched by the virus, and the sudden increase in cases has raised concerns that it may be experiencing a significant outbreak. Iran’s health ministry said Saturday that 43 people had tested positive, with eight deaths, state-run Press TV reported.

Continue reading the main story

Experts have said that based on the number of dead, the total number of cases is probably much higher, as Covid-19 appears to kill about one out of 50 people infected.

Pakistan’s 596-mile border with Iran is mostly porous, and controlling a potential spread of the coronavirus poses a major challenge.

Turkey’s health minister, Fahrettin Koca, said in a news conference, “Because of the fact that the picture in Iran is getting worse, we decided to temporarily shut down our border with our neighbor.”

Turkey has four border gates to Iran, and all of them were shut down.

Afghanistan’s National Security Council  said on Sunday that all travel to Iran would be reduced to “essential humanitarian needs.”

Reporting and research was contributed by Choe Sang-Hun, Elisabetta Povoledo, Austin Ramzy, Motoko Rich, Makiko Inoue, Salman Masood, Mujib Mashal, Isabel Kershner, Tiffany May, Derrick Bryson Taylor, Tess Felder, Amy Harmon, Farah Stockman, Edward Wong, Vivian Wang, Mihir Zaveri, Katrin Bennhold and Constant Méheut.


Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #4 on: February 23, 2020, 10:37:43 PM »
Link to interactive maps showing the spread of the coronavirus.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/world/asia/china-wuhan-coronavirus-maps.html?

Coronavirus Map: Tracking the Spread of the Outbreak
By K.K. Rebecca Lai, Jin Wu, Allison McCann, Derek Watkins, Jugal K. Patel and Richard HarrisUpdated Feb. 24, 2020

The coronavirus outbreak has sickened more than 78,800 people in Asia, according to statements from health officials. Many other cases are suspected but not confirmed. As of Sunday evening, at least 2,467 people have died, all but 24 in mainland China.

R.R. Book

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #5 on: February 24, 2020, 10:29:03 AM »
Barb, Thanks for creating a place to track the stats!

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #6 on: February 24, 2020, 01:14:46 PM »
RR, thanks and thanks for your Topic..

Meanwhile, it may take awhile to get a grip on what the actual stat is, since the virus is in China and Iran etc. where they may not fess up the actual situation or how bad it is...
Also of course in outlying rural primitive areas, not so easy to track this... Video on the page below.
...
Note: to read the full article on Fortune, you need to register, it is free

https://fortune.com/2020/02/24/coronavirus-statistics-who-data-transparency/

HEALTH  CORONAVIRUS
5 reasons coronavirus statistics seem inconsistent

By Erik Sherman
February 24, 2020 1:30 PM EST

Covering the coronavirus outbreak at times seems like a course in morbid accounting: a litany of economic impacts, case and death counts, and tallies of how the virus has spread into other countries.

The latest counts from the World Health Organization (WHO) are 77,042 confirmed cases and 2,445 deaths in China, as well as 1,729 cases and 17 deaths across 28 other countries. Then there’s the veritable spreadsheet of economic implications, such as 94% of the Fortune 1000 facing supply chain disruptions and plunging Dow futures.

The world is so awash in statistics on virtually everythingؙ—grain production, incomes, tourism traffic, and, yes, diseases—that there should be little wonder people expect numerical precision on every aspect of existence.

But when life and death are on the scales, unpredictability quickly becomes an unwelcome companion. Such is the case in tracking COVID-19, the disease this coronavirus causes: a sudden jump in cases and deaths one week, a drop the next. Nervously following the news—and asking whether to place that online order for a face mask—can leave people bewildered. Even professionals find themselves scratching their heads over the emerging statistics.

“They’re confusing not just to the general public but even to people working in the field,” said Andrew Noymer, an associate professor of public health at the University of California at Irvine.

Surely something isn’t right. Somewhere, someone must have the “real” data—or maybe they don’t. Experts in epidemiology and public health tell Fortune that there are five underlying reasons why the information can seem contradictory: assumptions about China’s forthrightness; the challenges of treating a new virus in rapidly changing conditions; the limitation of predictive models; time differences in overlapping reports; and the uncertainly of implications.

Trusting China?
When information from China is in question, suspicion comes too quickly because the country has a reputation for releasing unreliable data.

Currently, there is no independent case count inside China because of the way the global infectious disease response system works. A World Health Organization spokesperson said that under international health regulations, “WHO is notified by member states on confirmed cases of COVID-19.” In other words, China’s numbers come from the government there, not a third-party organization.

Currently, there is no independent case count inside China because of the way the global infectious disease response system works. A World Health Organization spokesperson said that under international health regulations, “WHO is notified by member states on confirmed cases of COVID-19.” In other words, China’s numbers come from the government there, not a third-party organization.

.... continues....

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #7 on: February 24, 2020, 01:31:56 PM »
Yowbarb Note:  Situation in the US from the NIH, next post.
A public health emergency (PHE) was declared for the United States. January 31st,
Declared by the Health and Human Services Secretary...
...

NIH  National Institute of Health, USA   Updated February 23, 2020 

https://www.nih.gov/health-information/coronavirus

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Summary

This is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation and CDC will provide updated information as it becomes available, in addition to updated guidance.

Background
CDC is responding to an outbreak of respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China and which has now been detected in 32 locations internationally, including cases in the United States. The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”).

On January 30, 2020, the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee of the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a “public health emergency of international concernexternal icon” (PHEIC). On January 31, 2020, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency (PHE) for the United States to aid the nation’s healthcare community in responding to COVID-19.

Source and Spread of the virus

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS-CoV , SARS-CoV , and now with this new virus (named SARS-CoV-2).

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is a betacoronavirus, like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV.  All three of these viruses have their origins in bats. The sequences from U.S. patients are similar to the one that China initially posted, suggesting a likely single, recent emergence of this virus from an animal reservoir.

Early on, many of the patients in the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China had some link to a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. Later, a growing number of patients reportedly did not have exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread. Person-to-person spread has been reported outside China, including in the United States  and other locations . Chinese officials report that sustained person-to-person spread in the community is occurring in China. In addition, other destinations have apparent community spread meaning some people have been infected who are not sure how or where they became infected. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.

Situation in U.S.
Imported cases of COVID-19 in travelers have been detected in the U.S  [next post]

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #8 on: February 24, 2020, 01:39:23 PM »
https://www.nih.gov/health-information/coronavirus
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Summary  [continued]
Situation in U.S.

Imported cases of COVID-19 in travelers have been detected in the U.S 

Person-to-person spread of COVID-19 also has been seen among close contacts of returned travelers from Wuhan, but at this time, this virus is NOT currently spreading in the community in the United States.

Illness Severity
Both MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV have been known to cause severe illness in people. The complete clinical picture with regard to COVID-19 is not fully understood. Reported illnesses have ranged from mild to severe, including illness resulting in death. Learn more about the symptoms associated with COVID-19.

There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.

Risk Assessment

Outbreaks of novel virus infections among people are always of public health concern. The risk from these outbreaks depends on characteristics of the virus, including how well it spreads between people, the severity of resulting illness, and the medical or other measures available to control the impact of the virus (for example, vaccine or treatment medications). The fact that this disease has caused illness, including illness resulting in death, and sustained person-to-person spread is concerning. These factors meet two of the criteria of a pandemic. As community spread is detected in more and more countries, the world moves closer toward meeting the third criteria, worldwide spread of the new virus.

The potential public health threat posed by COVID-19 is high, both globally and to the United States.

But individual risk is dependent on exposure.

For the general American public, who are unlikely to be exposed to this virus at this time, the immediate health risk from COVID-19 is considered low.

Under current circumstances, certain people will have an increased risk of infection, for example healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19 and other close contacts of persons with COVID-19. CDC has developed guidance to help in the risk assessment and management  of people with potential exposures to COVID-19.
However, it’s important to note that current global circumstances suggest it is likely that this virus will cause a pandemic.  In that case, the risk assessment would be different.

What May Happen
More cases are likely to be identified in the coming days, including more cases in the United States. It’s also likely that person-to-person spread will continue to occur, including in the United States. Widespread transmission of COVID-19 in the United States would translate into large numbers of people needing medical care at the same time. Schools, childcare centers, workplaces, and other places for mass gatherings may experience more absenteeism. Public health and healthcare systems may become overloaded, with elevated rates of hospitalizations and deaths. Other critical infrastructure, such as law enforcement, emergency medical services, and transportation industry may also be affected. Health care providers and hospitals may be overwhelmed. At this time, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19 and no medications approved to treat it. Nonpharmaceutical interventions  would be the most important response strategy.

Nonpharmaceutical interventions:
  https://www.cdc.gov/nonpharmaceutical-interventions/index.html   Next post

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #9 on: February 24, 2020, 01:59:55 PM »

Nonpharmaceutical interventions:
  https://www.cdc.gov/nonpharmaceutical-interventions/index.html 

Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs)  are actions, apart from getting vaccinated and taking medicine, that people and communities can take to help slow the spread of illnesses like pandemic influenza (flu). NPIs are also known as community mitigation strategies. When a new flu virus spreads among people, causing illness worldwide, it is called pandemic flu. Because a pandemic flu virus is new, the human population has little or no immunity against it. This allows the virus to spread quickly from person to person worldwide. NPIs are among the best ways of controlling pandemic flu when vaccines are not yet available.

This website provides decision makers, planners, and public health professionals with educational tools, resources, pandemic planning guides, checklists, and select research about the types of NPIs and how they work in different settings.
Yowbarb Note: Live links on this page for the Non-p[harmaceutical Interventions, also pre pandemic reparations  https://www.cdc.gov/nonpharmaceutical-interventions/index.html
NIH Non pharmaceutical Interventions page, ahead of possible coronavirus pandemic

..............................not posting it all in this particular post................................

ilinda

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #10 on: February 24, 2020, 07:05:17 PM »
Barb, Thanks for creating a place to track the stats!
Ditto, Barb, and thanks again for doing all this Corona work, as it's really a hot  topic now and there is so much confusion and censorship re the virus, it's not easy to decipher the best and most accurate info.

R.R. Book

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #11 on: February 26, 2020, 12:37:45 PM »
Adding a graphic:



Referred by Marfoogle News:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIV1sWBwyzw @ around 46:00
« Last Edit: February 27, 2020, 07:44:11 AM by R.R. Book »

ilinda

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #12 on: February 26, 2020, 01:35:32 PM »
WOW!!!!

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #13 on: February 26, 2020, 07:59:11 PM »
OH NOO it is as I had feared... too bad the current team that would normally be handling this was fired by last year and not replaced...link and story posted in one of the Administrator's Boards.
« Last Edit: February 26, 2020, 08:18:33 PM by Yowbarb »

Yowbarb

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Re: Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic
« Reply #14 on: February 27, 2020, 09:19:38 PM »
https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/27/a-single-coronavirus-case-exposes-a-bigger-problem-the-scope-of-undetected-u-s-spread-is-unknown/

A single coronavirus case exposes a bigger problem: The scope of undetected U.S. spread is unknown
By Helen Branswell @HelenBranswell February 27, 2020

The discovery that a California woman was likely infected with the novel coronavirus by a previously unrecognized case in her community is proof of an enormous problem the country is facing at the moment, according to public health experts. It’s clear that the virus is spreading undetected in the United States — but how broadly it’s spreading is an utter mystery.

Before Thursday, a perfect storm of problems in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s development of test kits — and the agency’s reluctance to expand its recommendation of who should be tested given the limited availability of kits — meant very little testing has been done in the country. As of Wednesday, the CDC said that 445 people had been tested — a fraction of the number of tests that other countries have run.

The new case in California makes it clear the virus is spreading undetected in at least one area of one state. The woman is not believed to have traveled outside the country and had no contact with a known case. As her condition worsened — she is on a ventilator — health officials in California asked the CDC to test her for the virus. Because she had not been to China and had not been a contact of a known case, the agency said no.

Eventually, more than 10 days after she went into hospital, the CDC agreed she could be tested. Dozens of health workers who may have come into contact with her at NorthBay VacaValley Hospital, in Vacaville, Calif., are now being monitored.

Support STAT: STAT is offering coverage of the coronavirus for free. Please consider a subscription to support our journalism. Start free trial today.
California Gov. Gavin Newsom was critical of the testing debacle in a press conference on Thursday. His state has only 200 kits to test for the new coronavirus, he said.

“Testing protocols have been a point of frustration for many of us,” Newsom said. He added that, based on conversations with the CDC, states have been informed new protocols are coming and they have been promised an “exponentially” increased capacity to test.

Indeed, on Thursday the CDC announced a new testing protocol that will greatly expand the number of people who should be tested.

Requests for comment from the CDC on Thursday went unanswered. The New York Times reported that the Trump administration has ordered that all statements on the coronavirus be funneled through the office of Vice President Mike Pence, who was named to head the administration’s coronavirus response on Wednesday by President Trump.

Experts said it has been long past time to broaden the testing protocol beyond people who traveled to China. Outbreaks are gathering speed in Italy, Iran, and South Korea, and dozens of other countries are reporting cases.

On Thursday afternoon the agency did just that in new guidelines for the medical community on who to test for Covid-19, the disease caused by the irus. People with symptoms compatible with Covid-19 and who have recently traveled to China, Iran, Italy, Japan, or South Korea should be tested for the virus, the new guidance says.

The CDC’s own advice to travelers warns Americans not to travel to South Korea because of the coronavirus risk and urges people with medical conditions to avoid traveling to Italy, Iran, and Japan at this time.

“It is accurate to say that we have recognized 60 cases in the U.S. from returning travelers and one now unexplained by travel in California. But it’s not accurate to say that we have 60 cases,” said Tom Inglesby, director of the Center for Health Security at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. “We don’t know how many cases we have. We can’t estimate that until we’ve done clinical testing and surveillance testing.”

Article continued in my next post...

 

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